In general, the shares of a corporation is also transferred from shareholders to alternative parties by sale or alternative mechanisms, unless prohibited. Most jurisdictions have established laws and laws governing such transfers, significantly if the institution could be an in public listed entity.
The desire of stockholders to trade their shares has junction rectifier to the institution of stock exchanges, organizations that give marketplaces for mercantilism shares and alternative derivatives and monetary merchandise. Today, stock traders are sometimes diagrammatical by an agent UN agency buys and sells shares of a good vary of firms on such exchanges. a corporation could list its shares on Associate in Nursing exchange by meeting and maintaining the listing needs of a specific stock market. within u. s., through the Intermarket mercantilism system, stocks listed on one exchange will usually even be listed on alternative collaborating exchanges, as well as transmission networks (ECNs), like solid ground or Instinet.
When firms raise capital by providing stock on quite one exchange, the potential exists for discrepancies within the valuation of shares on completely different exchanges. A keen capitalist with access to data regarding such discrepancies could invest in expectation of their ultimate convergence, called arbitrage mercantilism. Electronic mercantilism has resulted in intensive worth transparency (efficient-market hypothesis) and these discrepancies, if they exist, are impermanent and quickly equilibrated.